From a geographical perspective, the administrative territories of the four commons constitute the contact space between the two major forms of relief – the Mureș Plain and the Zărandului Mountains. This configuration corresponds to the placement of geological formations. Thus, in the eastern area, the oldest formations belonging to the criatalin foundation and the sedimentary blanket, (which is very varied structurally and tectonically and which form the most complex landforms such as mountains, hills and valleys), meet, to the west, the pliocene detrital and quaternary, which are extremely uniform from the morphological point of view (the plain and some of the hills).
An analysis of the environmental components reveals the existence, in the area, of a landscape with notable qualities, due primarily to a spectacular jump of over 250 m that is located in the midline of the commons. The transition from the plain to the rocky slopes of the Zărand massif is accompanied by the transition from vegetation which is typical to lowland crops towards the arid and deep green combination in uneven areas. You should also add the vegetation which concentrates in some places through interesting combinations of pasture and undergrowth or forests, as well as the landscape typical to vine terraces. All of these are context elements for the human habitation began here in prehistory (and which has strong reasons for its persistence) and the attractiveness of the place today, reflected in various forms of tourism, specifically oriented towards the historical elements of the settlements.
The economy of four commons is dominated by agriculture, mainly focused on grain agriculture (wheat, rye, corn) and the growing of vines along with the related activities.
The Arad County Council is currently running the “Wine Road: Păuliș – Ghioroc – Covăsânț – Șiria” project, financed by the Regional Operational Program 2007-2013, aiming to rehabilitate the DJ 708B road rehabilitation, a rural county road crossing the settlements of Păuliș, Miniș, Ghioroc, Covăsânș and Șiria, thus permitting the access of tourists to this wine area which is integrated within the “Arad Vineyard” region.
In all four commons the “Wine Festival of the Arad Vineyard” takes place annually, a cultural event that aims to perpetuate the traditions and to conserve and enhance the cultural habits of the area.
The Șiria locality is one of the peaks of the Arad – Păuliș – Șiria – Arad triangle. Until about two decades ago Șiria could be reached by the “green arrow”, the vineyard train. It was the cornucopia of Arad and more than that, it was the first electric train on narrow line in Europe, a train that comes from history and that made history. Not long from now, Șiria will be able to be reached by ultra-light aircrafts which will be able to carry and bring tourists keen on history, culture and especially wine tourism. The old wine cellars, with barrels of huge sizes, where a rider and his saddled horse could easily enter without the former touching the pin hole, invite tourists numerous and pleasant stops, as well as to the countless stories of the wine master as long as they taste the wine and the food that he offers.
The visitor has the opportunity to discover special places, to confront with history and to taste the old wines, either red, of controlled origin – Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Burgundy, or white, such as Italian Riesling, Furmint or Muscat Ottonel, scattered among the wine producers in the area.
Within the Arad vineyard the oldest wine cellar in this part of the country existed since 1636, in the form of a cross carved into the rock, which belonged to Prince George Rakoczy of Transylvania.
Sights around the townships
- The Monument of the Paulis Heroes
- The “Wine Princess” Wine Cellar
- Cladova Valley
- The Mures Floodplain
- The Cladova ruins
- Fishing in Paulis and Sâmbăteni
- The arboretum
- The fortified settlement and the church located on the Career Hill in Cladova
- The waves of defense from Sâmbăteni
- Hiking trails
- The Wine Festival
- The old church tower, XIVth century
- The ruins of the Hindec Fortress
- The ruins of the Tornea Fortress
- The “John T. Florea” Folklore Festival
- The Romanians Everywhere Festival
- The Wine in the Vineyard Festival
- The “Christmas Carol” Festival
- The Electric Tramway Museum
- The Beekeeping Museum
- The Museum of Vine and Wine
- Lake Ghioroc
- The Ghioroc OrthodoxFeast
- The Cuvin Orthodox Feast
- The Minis Orthodox Feast
- The Wine Festival
- The Christmas Tree Celebration